Ø  Arhar is the second most important pulse crop of the country after gram.

Ø  It is mainly eaten in the form of 'Dal'.

Ø  Arhar seeds are also rich in iron, iodine, essential amino acids like lysine, threonine, cysteine ​​and arginine etc.

Ø  Arhar is a protein rich staple food. It contains about 22 percent protein, which is almost three times more than cereals.

Ø  The ability of tur to produce high economic yields under soil moisture deficit makes it an important crop in rainfed and arid agriculture.

Ø  Green leaves and tops of plants provide excellent fodder and are used as green manure.

Ø  It is an important food of South India where rice is the main food grain. The nutritional deficiency of rice can be fulfilled to some extent by including arhar grains in the diet. It provides protein, B vitamins, calcium and phosphorus.


1] Sowing time -

Kharif - Monsoon onset (June-July)

2] Seed rate - 4 to 6 kg per acre

3] Spacing - 60 to 90 cm x 30 cm

4] Irrigation - as per requirement

5] Application of fertilizers (per acre)


Per acre


30 DAS


10 t/acre



100 gm/acre

100 gm

Urea [46-0-0]


40 Kg

NPK (12:32:16)

50 Kg

25 Kg


100 Kg

50 Kg


40 Kg

25 Kg



5 Kg


White fly

Gram pod borer

Pod fly

Pod borer



Days Stage Solution Potential Disease Potential Pest
20 – 40 From sowing to plant Establishment

Seed treatment with thiram or captan @ 2 to 3 g/kg seed + Rhizobium culture

Katra Nano NPK 19-19-19 @ 200 gm per acre + Micronutrient containing Microgold 2 gm/Lit of water + Kargil (Imidacloprid 30.5% SC) 2 ml/Ltr of water

Fusarium wilt, Root rot

White fly, aphid, Green mosquito

40 - 80 Vegetative growth stage

Katra Nano Mono Ammonium Phosphate (12-61-0) @200 gm/acre + Micro Gold (Mixed Chelated Micronutrients) @1.5 gm/Lit of water + Bayer Solomon (Imida 19.8% Beta Cyhalothrin 8.49%) @ 1 ml/Lit of water

Root rot, rust, termites

yellow mosaic

White Mosquito, Green Mosquito, Stem Fly, Aphid, Bollworm (Illia)

80 - 120 Flowering stage

Katra Nano NPK Potassium Phosphate 00-52-34@200 gm per acre + Flamingo (Emamectin Benzoate 3% Thiamethoxam 12% WDG) 0.4 - 0.5 g/Ltr of water + Adama Custodia (Azoxystrobin 18.2% Diphenoconazole 11.4% SC) @22 ml per 15 liter water + Lysorus Miticide @ 80-100 liters of water

Tikka disease, Sterility mosaic, Powdery mildew, Phytophthora

White fly, sterility mite, gram pod borer 

100 -150 Pod development / maturity stage

Isabion Tonic @ 300 ml + FMC Rogor (Dimethoate 30% EC ) @ 2-5 ml/l of water + BONUS (Tebuconazole 38.39%) @ 1-1.5 ml/l of water Syngenta ampligo @ 80 ml/acre

Tikka Disease, Rust, Powdery Mildew, Sterility Mosaic, Blight Powdery Mildew,


Pod fly, termite, gram pod borer, gram pod borer

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